A short history of the Canadian Law and Society Association
By W. Wesley Pue, with Ravi Malhotra and Lyndsay Campbell
Two forces converged in the early 1980s to lead to the formation of the Canadian Law and Society Association/ Association canadienne droit et société.
The first was the participation of a number of Canadian scholars in the work of the USA "Law and Society Association" (LSA). The second was an effervescence of intellectual energy across Canada. Law and society teaching had been part of significant undergraduate programmes at Carleton University and York University for some time, while university law faculties had also moved - tentatively - in interdisciplinary directions during the 1970s. Creative forces converged in the early 1980s. Simultaneously product of and impetus for this bubbling of intellectual energy focused on law, the "Arthurs Report", published by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada in 1983 as Law and Learning marked a coming of age of sorts for Canadian legal scholarship.
Making use of the 1982 Toronto conference of the USA LSA, Harry Arthurs, John Hagan and Fred Zemans called together a group of Canadian law teachers and social scientists to discuss the formation of a Canadian movement dedicated to the advance of interdisciplinarity in legal and socio-legal scholarship. Many Canadians had in fact been long and centrally involved in the work of the USA LSA and the first meeting was largely procedural.
Many of the participants - Carl Baar, Ellen Baar, John McLaren, Peter Russell, for example - were to become long-term stalwarts of Canadian Law and Society. Mark Galanter and other USA colleagues urged the formation of a Canadian scholarly association as a means of fostering law & society research and scholarship in Canada.
In the same year that Law and Learning was published (1983) a second, more formal, meeting was convened by Ellen Baar and Jane Banfield at the "Learneds" (as the annual "learned societies" conference, the meetings that morphed into the Congress of Humanities and Social Sciences, was commonly known) in Vancouver. On this occasion papers were presented, and steps taken to make law and society an annual feature of the Learneds. This necessitated some kind of organization recognizable to the Canadian Association of Learned Societies.
If the Arthurs report was catalytic, so too was the fact that many Canadian law and society scholars had become increasing frustrated with the limited opportunity provided by other groupings to provide intellectual stimulus and community. There was, for example, no organization dedicated to law-related scholarship that provided a comfortable and welcoming home for scholars who were not engaged in law school teaching. In 1984 the only existing body of university teachers working in law-related fields - the Canadian Association of Law Teachers - decided to meet in Toronto rather than with the rest of the "Learned" societies at the University of Guelph. A group of law and society scholars (notably at York University and the University of Calgary) launched into the work of creating a scholarly association.
The embryonic ACDS/CLSA, organized by Ellen Baar and Jane Banfield, had a full day mini-conference at the University of Montreal "learneds" in 1985. The participants, drawn from a range of disciplines, decided to work toward the formal establishment of both the CLSA/ACDS and a scholarly journal. A group from the University of Calgary, coming together in that University's Socio-Legal Research Unit (including Marsha Hanen, Gus Brannigan, John McLaren, Lou Knafla, Ted Morton, and Rainer Knopf) took the bull by the horns. John McLaren (Calgary) was elected president of the fledgling organization with Peter Russell (Toronto) as vice-president. Claude Thomasset, Rene Laperriere (both of UQAM), Ellen Baar and Jane Banfield (both of York) were also on the executive. Ted Morton served as Secretary Treasurer, Rainer Knopf (both from Calgary) became founding editor of the Canadian Journal of Law and Society and Professor Louise Arbour – later Madame Justice Arbour of the Supreme Court of Canada – provided the French language style for l'Association Canadienne droit et sociéte.
Other pivotal early meetings included those in Winnipeg (1986) and Hamilton (1987 - when an outstanding conference was co-convened by Claude Thomasset and Neil Sargent). The Association obtained formal "learned society" status under the Presidency of Peter Russell.
Under the spirited editorship of University of Calgary Political Scientist Rainer Knopf, the journal produced its first volume in 1986. Published by the University of Calgary Press, the first issue included articles by a number of people in the forefront of thinking about and working towards the formation of the CLSA (Harry Arthurs, Peter Russell, John Hagan, Carl Baar, John McLaren). That first issue has stood the test of time. The journal has been well served by all of its editors, becoming one of the leading law and society journals.
The CLSA/ACDS has served as a "broad church" community of scholars in which all forms of interdisciplinary legal studies flourish: criminology, socio-legal studies, legal history, sociology of law, legal theory, feminist legal scholarship, critical race theory, among others.
The Association and its journal have been successful both on their own and in co-operative endeavors with other bodies. These have included collaboration with the Canadian Association of Law Teachers and Canadian law commissions on the "Legal Dimensions" project and various joint conferences, including one with the Australia and New Zealand Legal History Association, July 3-5, 1998, (Empires/Colonies/Legal Cultures, Melbourne) and one with the Law and Society Association in Vancouver in 2002.
John McLaren (1985-1987)
Peter Russell (1987-1989)
Russell Smandych (1993-1994)
Lou Knafla (1994 - 1996)
W. Wesley Pue (1996-1998)
Joan Brockman (1998-2000)
Fred Zemans (2000-2001)
Lou Knafla (2001-2003)
Richard Moon (2003-2005)
Mariana Valverde (2005-2008)
Debra Parkes (2008-10)
Richard Weisman (2010-12)
Jane McMillan (2012-14)
Eric Reiter (2014-16)
Lyndsay Campbell (2016-)
Rainer Knopff (1986-90)
Claude Thomasset (1990-95)
Rod Macdonald (1996-97)
Marie-Andrée Bertrand (1997-99)
René Côté (Managing Editor, 1996-99)
Ruth Murbach (1999-2007)
Mariana Valverde (2008-14)
Michel Coutu (2008-11)
Dawn Moore (Managing Editor, 2008-9, 2011-13)
Christiane Wilke (Managing Editor, 2009-11)
Violaine Lemay (2011-13)
Melanie Adrian (2013-15)
Ben Berger (2014-)
Dawn Moore (2014-16)
Joane Martel (2014-)
Dale Spencer (Managing Editor, 2015-)
The CLSA/ACDS annual conferences have taken place as part of the Congress/Learneds except where otherwise indicated. The Learneds/ Congress meetings were hosted by the following universities since 1980:
1980 Université du Québec à Montréal
1981 Dalhousie University
1982 University of Ottawa
1983 University of British Columbia
1984 University of Guelph
1985 Université de Montréal
1986 University of Manitoba
1987 McMaster University
1988 University of Windsor
1989 Université Laval
1990 University of Victoria
1991 Queen's University
1992 University of Prince Edward Island
1993 Carleton University
1994 The University of Calgary
1995 Université du Québec à Montréal
1996 Brock University
1997 Memorial University
1998 University of Ottawa
1999 Université de Sherbrooke / Bishop's University
2000 University of Alberta (CLSA/ACDS met this year at Lake Louise)
2001 Université Laval
2002 University of Toronto (CLSA/ACDS met this year with LSA at the University of British Columbia)
2003 Dalhousie University
2004 University of Manitoba
2005 Western University, then known as the University of Western Ontario (CLSA/ACDS met this year at Harrison Hot Springs, BC)
2006 York University
2007 University of Saskatchewan
2008 University of British Columbia (CLSA/ACDS met this year with LSA in Montreal)
2009 Carleton University
2010 Concordia University
2011 University of New Brunswick, Fredericton
2012 University of Waterloo and Wilfrid Laurier University
2013 University of Victoria (CLSA/ACDS met with the Law and Society Association of Australia and New Zealand at University of British Columbia)
2014 Brock University (CLSA met with CALT at University of Manitoba)
2015 University of Ottawa
2016 University of Calgary
2017 Ryerson University (CLSA meets in Mexico City with LSA)
Institutional history, it turns out, is derived from collective memory. We are grateful for the memories and information provided by CLSA/ACDS stalwarts including Claude Thomasset, Harry Arthurs, Fred Zemans, Carl Baar, Peter Russell, John McLaren, Lou Knafla, Jane Banfield, Russell Smandych, Debra Parkes, Richard Weisman, and Mariana Valverde. Sabrina Tremblay-Huet provided valuable editorial advice.